Transportist: December 2020
Ensuring Connection between People and Places
Transport Access Manual: A Guide for Measuring Connection between People and Places
ABOUT THE BOOK
This Manual is a guide for quantifying and evaluating access for anybody interested in truly understanding how to measure the performance of transport and land use configurations. It contains enough to help transport and planning professionals achieve a more comprehensive look at their city or region than traditional transport analysis allows. It provides a point of entry for interested members of the public as well as practitioners by being organized in a logical and straightforward way.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Access and Mobility: Clearing Up the Confusion
Fundamental Model of Access
Access, Movement, and Place
Access and Equity
Strategies for Access
Roadmap for Using this Manual
Baseline Trend Analysis
Transport Project Evaluation
Land Use Change Evaluation
Metrics for Disadvantaged Populations
Transport Equity Analysis
Financial Costs of Access
Predictor of Travel Behavior
Primal Measures: Opportunity-Denominated Access
Dual Measures: Time-Denominated Access
Determine Travel Costs
Determine Opportunities at Destinations
Accumulate Opportunities Reachable from Origins
Assess Competitive Access
Calculate Dual Access
Modifiable Areal Unit Problem (MAUP)
Modifiable Temporal Unit Problem (MTUP)
Starting Point Effects
Starting Time Effects
New and Emerging Travel Modes
Equity of Future Technologies
Location of Activities and Investments
Real Estate Prices
Productivity: the Agglomeration Effect
Effects on Gross Domestic Product
Benefits of Access Planning
Audience for Access Metrics
Reflective of Planning Goals
Improving the Adoption of Access Tools
Classification and Assessment
Selection of Measures
Tools to Quantify and Visualize Access
Access-Focused Scenario Planning Software
E. SAMPLE R SCRIPT FOR DUAL ACCESS CALCULATION
Project Team and Stakeholders
Budget and Resources
Software Installations and Subscriptions
G. SAMPLE RFP FOR ACCESSIBILITY PLATFORM
H. FURTHER READING
Publisher: Network Design Lab
Very High Quality Color Trade Paperback on Blurb $39.89
Classic Transportist Posts
I wrote this in 2014 PHASING IN ROAD PRICING ONE ELECTRIC VEHICLE AT A TIME … this is now salient because Australian states are about to implement this (South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales).
General view: Good in theory, depends in practice on the rates and fuel taxes. But given nearly 100% of new cars will be EVs sooner than most people think, and they don’t pay fuel taxes, and they do use roads, and right now their owners have above average incomes, it seems a perfect time to get road pricing implemented without the huge political fight that would come if it is done too late. Of course this might be a disincentive to purchase EVs, but it’s a relatively small charge now, and new EV purchases can be incentivized separately, if that were important. (But why EVs not E-Bikes etc.)
Would this have happened had I not moved to Australia? We will never know.
I wrote this in 2008 MEMO TO THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES ON TRANSPORTATION POLICY
These recommendations are still mostly pretty good -- which is depressing, as it indicates we have made very little progress in domain of transport. Maybe the next President will take it up.
Slightly Less F*cked (corrected link)
Jabbari, Parastoo, and Don MacKenzie. 2020. “Ride Sharing Attitudes Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States.” Findings, November. https://doi.org/10.32866/001c.17991.
Wu, Xinyu, Frank Douma, Jason Cao, and Erika Shepard. 2020. “Preparing Transit in the Advent of Automated Vehicles: A Focus-Group Study in the Twin Cities.” Findings, November. https://doi.org/10.32866/001c.17872.
Jamal, Shaila, and Antonio Paez. 2020. “Changes in Trip-Making Frequency by Mode during COVID-19.” Findings, November. https://doi.org/10.32866/001c.17977.
Tokey, Ahmad Ilderim. 2020. “Change of Bike-Share Usage in Five Cities of United States during COVID-19.” Findings, November. https://doi.org/10.32866/001c.17851.
Du, Jianhe, and Hesham A. Rakha. 2020. “COVID-19 Impact on Ride-Hailing: The Chicago Case Study.” Findings, October. https://doi.org/10.32866/001c.17838.
I spoke at the Festival of Urbanism on November 18. Mobility and Housing Futures about the “New New Normal: Mobility and Activity in the ‘After Times’”. A narrated slide-deck of the talk is available on YouTube.
I will be speaking at Australia Build conference on the Thirty-Minute City. December 10, 14:40.
I will be speaking at the NeurIPS conference on End of Traffic and Future of Access. December 11, 19:15 AEDT.
News & Opinion
Consequences of COVID
Sleepwalking into a spiral of urban decay: why we need to get back to the office [We must go back to work for the shops and restaurants serving people who go back to work. [Cart before horse much?]]
Scar through Sydney’s Heart (Parramatta Road LRT proposed again maybe)
NSW takes the lead on ending stamp duty. A land value tax is coming, to be phased in, optionally, somehow.
Montgomery [County, Maryland] eliminates its housing moratorium, and lowers development fees [I worked on Montgomery County’s Annual Growth Policy in my misspent youth as a planner] [I predict the moratorium will return at some point]
NSW transport agency thrown into chaos amid chief's exit, ICAC referral [ICAC is the New South Wales corruption investigator. They were investigating over-paying for land by TfNSW for large transport projects. Was that over-payment incompetence or corruption?]
The Exploding Whale remastered: 50th anniversary of legendary Oregon event [The transport link? It was blown up by the Oregon DOT, which controlled the beaches, because the beaches are an important transport link.]
The 30-Minute City: Designing for Access. (2019) By David M. Levinson (Book 5 in the Access Quintet)
A Political Economy of Access. (2019) By David M. Levinson and David A. King (Book 4 in the Access Quintet)
Elements of Access: Transport Planning for Engineers, Transport Engineering for Planners. (2018) By David M. Levinson, Wes Marshall, Kay Axhausen. (Book 3 in the Access Quintet)
Spontaneous Access: Reflexions on Designing Cities and Transport (2016) by David Levinson. (Book 2 in the Access Quintet)
The End of Traffic and the Future of Access: A Roadmap to the New Transport Landscape (3rd edition). (2017) By David M. Levinson and Kevin J. Krizek. (Book 1 in the Access Quintet)
Metropolitan Transport and Land Use: Planning for Place and Plexus (2018) by David M. Levinson and Kevin J. Krizek.
The Transportation Experience: Second Edition Garrison, William and Levinson, David (2014)